Imiterere niterambere ryimikorere ya kamera

Kamerazagiye zikoreshwa cyane mubicuruzwa bitandukanye bya elegitoronike, cyane cyane iterambere ryihuse ryinganda nka terefone igendanwa na tableti, byatumye iterambere ryihuta ryinganda za kamera.Mu myaka yashize, moderi ya kamera ikoreshwa kugirango ibone amashusho yarushijeho gukoreshwa muri elegitoroniki yumuntu ku giti cye, ibinyabiziga, ubuvuzi, nibindi, urugero, moderi ya kamera yabaye ihame ryibikoresho bya elegitoronike byoroshye nka terefone zifite ubwenge na mudasobwa ya tablet.Kimwe mu bikoresho.Moderi ya kamera ikoreshwa mubikoresho bya elegitoroniki byoroshye ntibishobora gufata amashusho gusa, ariko kandi bifasha ibikoresho bya elegitoronike byoroshye guterefona amashusho ako kanya nibindi bikorwa.Hamwe niterambere ryiterambere ryibikoresho bya elegitoronike bigenda byoroha kandi byoroheje kandi abayikoresha bafite ibyo basabwa hejuru kandi bisabwa kugirango amashusho yerekana kamera ya kamera, ibisabwa bikomeye bishyirwa imbere mubunini bwa kamera ya kamera hamwe nubushobozi bwo kwerekana amashusho ya kamera.Muyandi magambo, iterambere ryiterambere ryibikoresho bya elegitoronike bisaba modul ya kamera kugirango irusheho kunoza no gushimangira ubushobozi bwamashusho hashingiwe kubunini.
Urebye imiterere ya kamera ya terefone igendanwa, ibice bitanu byingenzi ni: sensor sensor ya Sensor (ihindura ibimenyetso byumucyo mubimenyetso byamashanyarazi), Lens, moteri ya coil moteri, module ya kamera na filteri ya infragre.Uruganda rwa kamera rushobora kugabanywamo ibice byinshi: lens, moteri yijwi, moteri ya infragre, sensor ya CMOS, gutunganya amashusho hamwe nububiko bwa module.Inganda zikoranabuhanga murwego rwo hejuru kandi inganda zirahari.Moderi ya kamera irimo:

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1. Ikibaho cyumuzunguruko gifite imiyoboro hamwe nibikoresho bya elegitoroniki;

2. Umubiri wapakiye uzengurutsa ibikoresho bya elegitoroniki, kandi umwobo ushyirwa mumubiri;

3. Chip ya fotosensitif ihujwe n'amashanyarazi kumuzunguruko, igice cyuruhande rwa chip fotensitive chip kizengurutswe na paki, naho igice cyo hagati cya chip fotensitive gishyirwa mumyanya;

4. Lens ihujwe neza hejuru yubuso bwumubiri;

5. Akayunguruzo gahujwe neza na lens, kandi gitunganijwe hejuru yu mwobo kandi gihabanye na chip yifotora.

.Isoko rimaze igihe kinini ryiganjemo Sony (Ubuyapani), Samsung (Koreya yepfo) na Howe Technology (US), imigabane yisoko irenga 60%.

.Lens igabanijwemo ibirahuri hamwe na resin.Ugereranije na resin lens, ibirahuri bifite indangagaciro nini yo kwinanura (inanutse ku burebure bumwe) hamwe no kohereza urumuri rwinshi.Mubyongeyeho, kubyara ibirahuri biragoye, umusaruro ni muke, kandi ikiguzi ni kinini.Kubwibyo, ibirahuri bikoreshwa cyane mubikoresho byo murwego rwohejuru bifotora, naho resin ikoreshwa cyane mubikoresho byo gufotora byo hasi.

.Kamera ya terefone igendanwa ikoresha cyane VCM kugirango igere kumikorere yibikorwa, binyuze mumwanya wa lens ushobora guhinduka kugirango ugaragaze amashusho asobanutse.

(4) Kamera module: tekinoroji yo gupakira CSP yabaye rusange

Nkuko isoko isaba byinshi kandi byoroshye kandi byoroheje bya terefone, akamaro kakamerauburyo bwo gupakira module bwarushijeho kugaragara.Kugeza ubu, uburyo rusange bwa kamera yo gupakira ibintu birimo COB na CSP.Kugeza ubu, ibicuruzwa bifite pigiseli yo hepfo bipakirwa cyane muri CSP, nibicuruzwa bifite pigiseli ndende hejuru ya 5M bipakirwa muri COB.Hamwe niterambere rikomeje rya tekinoroji yo gupakira CSP, tekinoroji yo gupakira CSP igenda yinjira mumasoko ya 5M no hejuru yibicuruzwa byo mu rwego rwo hejuru, kandi tekinoroji yo gupakira CSP irashobora kuba inzira nyamukuru yubuhanga bwo gupakira.Iyobowe na terefone igendanwa hamwe na porogaramu zikoresha amamodoka, isoko rya module ryiyongereye uko umwaka utashye mu myaka yashize.

https://www.szpuas.net/ibicuruzwa/


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukwakira-26-2020